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Friday, July 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of photosensitized and photochemical decomposition of hydrazine ... found in the catalog.

photosensitized and photochemical decomposition of hydrazine ...

Joseph Clifton Elgin

photosensitized and photochemical decomposition of hydrazine ...

by Joseph Clifton Elgin

  • 213 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published by Mack Printing Company in Easton, Pa .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Hydrazine.,
  • Photochemistry.

  • Edition Notes

    Thesis (PH. D.)--Princeton University, 1929.

    Statementby Joseph Clifton Elgin.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQD181.N15 E5 1929
    The Physical Object
    Pagination28 p.
    Number of Pages28
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL6736288M
    LC Control Number29028709
    OCLC/WorldCa20944263

    In experiments of Elgin and Taylor (3) it was shown that the total process in both the photochemical and photosensitized decomposition of hydrazine can be with fair accuracy expressed by the stoichiometric equation 2N2H4 = 2NH3 + N2 + H2 (4). hydrazine decomposition, their cost reduces the commercial prospects of the catalysts. The catalyst investigated in this report was a 1 wt% platinum supported on a nickel hydroxide nanosheet (1 wt% Pt-Ni(OH) 2). The goal was to investigate catalyst performance and determine.

    The laser-induced binary processes include photosensitized activation and decomposition of non-absorbent molecules through an infrared active but chemically inert photosensitizer. The maximum decomposition yield dependence on the relative pressure is a common feature to laser-induced binary chemical processes. Photochemistry is the branch of chemistry concerned with the chemical effects of light. Generally, this term is used to describe a chemical reaction caused by absorption of ultraviolet (wavelength from to nm), visible light (– nm) or infrared radiation (– nm).. In nature, photochemistry is of immense importance as it is the basis of photosynthesis, vision, and the.

    Elgin JC, Taylor HS. () The photosensitized and photochemical decomposition of hydrazine Journal of the American Chemical Society. Benton AF, Elgin JC. () The synthesis of water with a silver catalyst. II. Energy of activation and mechanism The Journal of the American Chemical Society. Benton AF, Elgin JC. Determining the mechanisms of photochemical oxidations has proven to be a challenging problem. A wide variety of assays are available for both singlet oxygen and for free radicals including superoxide. In photochemical oxidations, singlet-oxygen generation often competes with free-radical generation.


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Photosensitized and photochemical decomposition of hydrazine .. by Joseph Clifton Elgin Download PDF EPUB FB2

Combustion, flame and explosion of hydrazine and ammonia I—The spontaneous ignition of pure gaseous hydrazine. Combustion and Flame7, DOI: /(63) M.

Schiavello, G. Volpi. Reactions of Hydrogen Atoms with Hydrazine, Ammonia, and Nitrous by: A mechanistic approach to the photo-amination of cyclohexane with hydrazine. Tetrahedron22 (5), DOI: /(66)X. Betts, R. Back. THE PHOTOLYSIS AND THE MERCURY-PHOTOSENSITIZED DECOMPOSITION OF HYDROXYLAMINE by: The present paper describes a highly efficient photochemical methodology for the production of hydrogen through the decomposition of aqueous hydrazine using titanium dioxide nanoparticles modified with a Rh(I) coordinated catechol phosphane ligand.

You can write a book review and share your experiences. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them.

The photochemical amination of cyclohexane with hydrazine (Fig. 2), and which increases with the irradiation time and results in decreasing yields of cyclohexylamine, is probably due to decomposition of cyclohexylamine, since the peak in the gas Chromatograph is identical with that which appears during the irradi- ation ofat-butanol Cited by: 5.

Allan J. Cessna, in The Triazine Herbicides, Summary. Triazine herbicides absorb sunlight weakly at wavelengths > nanometers (nm), thus, dissipation of the triazine herbicides in the atmosphere and in surface waters via photodegradation occurs mainly by indirect photolysis or photosensitized reactions.

Current information on the photochemical dissipation of the triazine herbicides in. Hydrogenated amorphous silicon films have been deposited by mercury photosensitized decomposition (photochemical vapor deposition: photo‐CVD) of disilane at a substrate temperature below °C.

The structural and optical properties of undoped films are very similar to those of films deposited by rf glow discharge decomposition. The electronic property measurement shows that the. In photochemical decomposition of ammonia the quantum yield varies from about to depending on the temperature of the reaction.

The low quantum yield in this reaction is not due to fluorescence but due to side reactions. The final products of the photolysis are hydrogen, nitrogen and hydrazine. The mechanism of the reaction is suggested to be as follows.

A Photodissociation Reactions. We have mentioned how chlorine molecules dissociate to chlorine atoms on absorption of near-ultraviolet light and thereby cause radical-chain chlorination of saturated hydrocarbons (Section D).Photochemical chlorination is an example of a photochemical reaction that can have a high quantum yield - that is, many molecules of chlorination.

Photosensitization, the process of initiating a reaction through the use of a substance capable of absorbing light and transferring the energy to the desired reactants.

The technique is commonly employed in photochemical work, particularly for reactions requiring light sources of certain wavelengths that are not readily available. The mercury-photosensitized decomposition (2 Å) and the direct photolysis of hydroxylamine vapor have been studied at a pressure of Torr, at 25 °C.

The low pressure mercury (3 P 1) photosensitized decomposition of hydrazine has been studied at 55 °C in a fast flow reactor coupled to a mass spectrometer.

Direct evidence was obtained for the participation of N 2 H 2, N 2 H 3, NH 2, and NH in the decomposition, and two primary decomposition modes were established. Hydrazine Hazard Summary Individuals may be exposed to hydrazine in the workplace or to small amounts in tobacco smoke.

Symptoms of acute (short-term) exposure to high levels of hydrazine may include irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, dizziness, headache, nausea, pulmonary edema, seizures, and coma in humans.

Acute. THE mechanism of the photochemical decomposition of ammonia has been the subject of considerable discussion lately1, from which it would appear.

USA USA USA USA US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A Authority US United States Prior art keywords hydrazine ammonia reaction mercury light Prior art date Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a.

The Hg(3P1) photosensitized decomposition of formic acid proceeds by two intramolecular rearrangement reactions, leading respectively to H2O and CO. Amorphous silicon films have been prepared through mercury‐photosensitized decomposition of monosilane gas at low temperatures.

The films show optical and electrical properties comparable with those of the best films prepared by plasma chemical vapor deposition. The feasibility of amorphous solar cells with short‐circuit current densities of more than 10 mA/cm 2 has been demonstrated by.

Photosensitized Reaction Photosensitization is a reaction to light that is mediated by a light-absorbing molecule, which is not the ultimate target.

There are many substances which do not normally react when exposed to light. lf, however, another substance is added to it, photochemical reaction readily proceeds. Hydrogen is considered to be an ideal energy carrier, which produces only water when combined with oxygen and thus has no detrimental effect on the environment.

Photochemistry Multiple Choice Questions and Answers for competitive exams. These short objective type questions with answers are very important for Board exams as well as competitive exams.

These short solved questions or quizzes are provided by Gkseries. Additional Photochemical Reactions-Norrish Type I and II (α-cleavage of carbonyl and H-abstraction and fragmentation)-nitrogen extrusion (generate carbenes such as the Wolff rearrangment or to give diradical)-sigmatropic rearrangements such as (1,3), (1,5), and (1,7)-1O reactions-deprotections (such as cleavage of nitroarenes).The products that come out from decomposition reaction of hydrazine are nitrogen,hydrogen and ammonia.

The decomposition reaction of hydrazine that we must balance is: aN2H4 -> bNH3 + cN2.A detailed investigation has been made of the reaction of Hg 6(3 P 1) atoms, photoexcited in natural mercury vapor (Hg N), with methyl chloride, at room are also reported on the reaction with isopropyl chloride as substrate.

Hg enrichment in the calomel product is taken as evidence of its formation in the primary quenching static conditions the methyl.